Who are the “juvenile offenders”?
Juvenile offender is a young offender, which cannot be judged by ordinary laws. Minor's age can be determined by the boundary of 16-18 years. It all depends on the legislation of different states. It is important to know that for certain crimes (murder, rape) the age of young offenders may be reduced. In this case, hewill be judged as an adult.
Process of the juvenile court
The Juvenile Court considers the crimes and violations only young offenders. The main objective of such processes is to rehabilitate (allow to correct to the best) of a minor, but not punished. But this does not mean that a minor cannot be sentenced to prison. After all, most states have juvenile prisons. There are usually sent especially dangerous young offenders.
The rights of juveniles in court
As in ordinary court, and in juvenile court, defendants' rights may vary from state to state. In some states, the outcome of case is decided by the jury, in some states, right to a jury trial is not available. In general, these courts are less formal and held much easier and faster, than adult offenders meeting
The transfer of the case from juvenile court to court for adults
As we have discussed in previous articles, juvenile offender who has committed a serious crime can be convicted under the laws of adult offenders. Also, the prosecutor may file a petition to court to hear the case in court for adults, but for this he must provide strong evidence. The main purpose of defender at this hearing will be to convince the judge to leave everything as is. But in any case, the decision is made by the judge after listen to the pros and cons. Minor whose case will be considered in ordinary court, receives all rights of the adult defendant, including the right to a jury trial.
What sentence can get juvenile in an adult court?
The answer to this question cannot be unique, because it all depends on the type of crime and of the state in which it was committed. So, in some states judges are allowed to impose a sentence on laws for juveniles, although the case was heard in adult court. In other states, the judge may impose sentenceon laws for juvenilesand sentence on laws for adult. There is a third scenario - judge may appoint an adult sentence if the conditions of juvenile sentence were violated. In some very serious cases of murder, the judge can sentence a juvenile to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole.
What will happen to juvenile's record upon the occurrence of adulthood?
The answer to this question depends on the laws of a particular state, the type of crime and further criminal activity, if that is available. For example, if the juvenile convicted of rape, he will remain in the database as a sex offender. In some states, upon the occurrence of a certain age all the records of the crime are sealed automatically. There is also a situation when a person must apply to the court to seal the records, and otherwise the record will remain accessible in the database